Engineering and Technology
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Ice can cause serious damage to vehicles and infrastructure, including aircraft, pavements, power lines, and wind turbines. It is important to remove ice before it causes damage, but doing this manually is often expensive and energy-intensive, and sometimes even dangerous. Researchers have begun to develop so-called ‘super-hydrophobic’ coatings, which can repel incoming water droplets before they freeze. This not only prevents ice from building up; it also weakens the adhesion of ice that does freeze to the surface, allowing it be removed more easily.
‘What is a number?’ is a question with various answers depending on who you ask. This question is also vital to mathematical logic, and as a consequence, to all modern computation. In the early 1900s, the field of mathematics experienced multiple crises, as various paradoxes arose that proved all mathematical knowledge to be unfounded. The solution to these crises was the birth of Set Theory.
Dr Juan Perez Torreglosa | eCCoSHIP: A New Heat Recovery System to Reduce the Carbon Footprint of Shipping
Shipping is a major contributor to climate change, responsible for emitting almost 1 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide each year. If global shipping were a country, it would be the sixth largest greenhouse gas emitter in the world, surpassed only by the USA, China, India, Japan, and Russia. The majority of commercial shipping fleets use high-power diesel engines for propulsion. About half of the energy generated by these diesel engines is lost as heat through the exhaust gases, leading to reduced efficiency and increased emissions per journey. Alongside a multidisciplinary team, Dr Juan Perez Torreglosa of the University of Huelva is exploring how to effectively capture heat energy from exhaust gases, converting it into electricity.
Dr Rachel Kallen – Dr Michael Richardson | Stepping into the Future: Enhancing Interactions Between Humans and Machines
Over the last few decades, technology has become an integral part of our lives. Although society has largely embraced this leap, many people don’t believe that machines can perform on an equal level to humans. Dr Michael Richardson and Dr Rachel Kallen at Macquarie University in Sydney explore how machines can be developed to interact naturally and effectively with humans.
Polymers, made from incredibly long chains of smaller molecules, make up many materials used in the modern world. From simple plastics to medical devices and solar cells, polymers represent a diverse and exciting area of science. The majority of polymers are made from carbon-based molecules. Perhaps even more fascinating are hybrid polymers, which are composed of both carbon-based and metal-based components. Hybrid polymers have unique properties, such as conductivity, making them especially desirable for new technologies. Dr Kei Toyota at the Panasonic Corporation in Osaka, Japan, has been investigating new ways to develop hybrid polymers.
Gyroscopes are widely used to measure the orientations and rotation speeds of moving objects – but according to one pair of researchers, the techniques we currently use to measure them are introducing significant and easily avoidable errors. Through their research, Dr Sara Stančin and Dr Sašo Tomažič, both at the University of Ljubljana in Slovenia, introduce a mathematical framework which accounts for how all three rotations measured by a gyroscope happen simultaneously, rather than in a sequence.
Santa Clara University’s mission is to educate the whole person, instilling competence, compassion, and conscience. Through this approach, students are empowered to excel at their studies, and to use their knowledge and skills to create a more just, humane, and sustainable world.
Dr Alan Litchfield | Jeff Herbert – ReSOLV: Preventing Software Piracy with Cryptocurrency Blockchain Technology
Software piracy is a large and growing problem. The methods used to combat it are becoming increasingly complex as technology evolves, costing software publishers and users billions of dollars each year. Dr Alan Litchfield from the Auckland University of Technology and Jeff Herbert from Cybercraft, New Zealand, have developed a new method to suppress software piracy called ReSOLV. In this video, learn more about their innovative software validation method, which is based on cryptocurrency blockchain technology.
Based at the University of Macau, the State Key Laboratory of Analog and Mixed-Signal VLSI (SKL-AMSV) conducts cutting-edge microelectronics research. The story of SKL-AMSV is a great example of how to build a world-renowned laboratory from scratch, with limited resources.
Researchers Dr Thomas Arciuolo and Dr Miad Faezipour propose harnessing the mighty energy reserve within the Yellowstone Supervolcano to generate clean, emission-free power – turning the Yellowstone curse into an immense blessing.
Dr Thomas Arciuolo | Dr Miad Faezipour – Yellowstone Caldera Supervolcano – A Solution to the Climate and Energy Crisis
The global climate crisis poses a major threat to human civilisation. The combustion of fossil fuels to generate energy is the primary cause of this crisis, due to the greenhouse gases released into the atmosphere. At the same time, the Earth faces another great crisis. Underneath Yellowstone National Park in Wyoming, USA, lies one of Earth’s most powerful volcanoes, which has the potential for an eruption that would be catastrophic to the entire world. Researchers Dr Thomas Arciuolo and Dr Miad Faezipour propose a solution to both of these problems, by harnessing the mighty energy reserve within the Yellowstone Supervolcano to generate clean, emission-free power – turning the Yellowstone curse into an immense blessing.
From the hottest deserts to the deepest oceans, life on Earth has evolved to thrive in many harsh environments. Given these capabilities, some scientists are exploring the possibility for life to emerge in extreme environments found throughout the solar system.
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