Social and Behavioural

Explore Social and Behavioural

Fiona Niebuhr | Exploring Employees’ Abilities to Adapt to Flexible Working Conditions

Fiona Niebuhr | Exploring Employees’ Abilities to Adapt to Flexible Working Conditions

The world of work is continuously transforming, due to innovation and global competition. This has intensified due to the COVID-19 pandemic, which drove changes in our working lives. Many employees are now given more flexibility and autonomy to shape their own work. This can be positive for employees, as it shifts the workforce away from traditional top-down approaches, in which workers have little agency. However, it can also be a burden that is forced upon employees who have little choice but to take on this responsibility.

read more
Professor Herbert Kritzer | How Does the Format of Ballots Affect Participation in Judicial Elections?

Professor Herbert Kritzer | How Does the Format of Ballots Affect Participation in Judicial Elections?

Unlike virtually every other country in the world, the United States uses popular elections to select or retain many judges. This practice has long been controversial, often due to the tension between independence and accountability. However, there are many other issues that this system raises, such as informed voting. Research shows that many people who cast ballots for top-of-ticket political offices, such as president and governor, fail to vote in judicial elections – even though they are included lower down on the same ballot. This phenomenon is called ‘roll-off’.

read more
Professor Helen Fulton | Who Were the Marcher Lords? An Innovative Project to Understand their Cultural Significance

Professor Helen Fulton | Who Were the Marcher Lords? An Innovative Project to Understand their Cultural Significance

The March of Wales refers to an area north to south along what is now the border between England and Wales. This region was first penetrated by Norman barons after 1066. Although the Welsh fought to hold their ancient kingdoms, the Normans were securely established by the mid-1200s. When, in 1282, Edward I killed the most powerful Welsh ruler, Llywelyn ap Gruffudd, independent Wales was conquered. Some areas became Crown possessions, while others were distributed to Marcher lords. This created a Marcher aristocracy that shaped the culture of the region for the next three centuries.

read more
Professor Peter Grindrod | Cognition and Consciousness Entwined

Professor Peter Grindrod | Cognition and Consciousness Entwined

Humans experience internal sensations in response to the external world: we don’t just think or process – we experience. These sensations range from emotions, such as love, anxiety, embarrassment; to more subtle experiences, known as ‘qualia’. Qualia include the pain of a headache, the response to a sunset, or to stroking pets. Humans’ inner mental life poses the hard problem of consciousness: understanding how and why we have such internal sensations. Neuroscience explores how brains process sensory information to make inferences and analyse external situations. This is called cognition, and it may result in actions. Consciousness refers to our inner sensations.

read more
Professor David Pion-Berlin | Was the January 6th Storming of the US Capitol a Self-coup?

Professor David Pion-Berlin | Was the January 6th Storming of the US Capitol a Self-coup?

The storming of the US Capitol on January 6th 2021 was a shocking event for many. Citizens pushed past Capitol police, causing property damage and threatening congresspeople and the Vice President. Five people died in the attack. Participants included armed members of right-wing militias, terrorist groups, neo-Nazi organizations, and conspiratorial groups such as Q-Anon. Nothing similar had been seen since the British burned the Capitol building to the ground during the War of 1812. Immediately afterwards, scholars and the media attempted to understand what had happened. Commentators had a range of viewpoints, describing the event as an insurrection, a mob invasion, sedition, a legitimate protest, a rebellion, and a coup.

read more
Human Services Research Institute | Enhancing the Well-being of Adults with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

Human Services Research Institute | Enhancing the Well-being of Adults with Intellectual and Developmental Disabilities

Intellectual and developmental disabilities, or IDD for short, are associated with conditions such as Down syndrome, fragile X syndrome, and autism spectrum disorder. People with these conditions may require supports to communicate with others, learn new things, live independently, or socialize. While there are many interventions that support people with IDD, the potential effects of these interventions on well-being are not fully understood.

read more
Dr Gavin Ward | A Level Playing Field? Understanding Racism and Racial Inequality in British University Sport

Dr Gavin Ward | A Level Playing Field? Understanding Racism and Racial Inequality in British University Sport

Racial inequalities exist in most social institutions. This challenges the common narrative that we live in a ‘post-racial’ era. The way in which racism plays out in both higher education and sport has long interested scholars. Higher education is increasingly under pressure to address issues of equity and inclusion. In sport, experiences of racial inequality and abuse are reported by athletes, coaches and spectators. University sport sits at the intersection of both higher education and sport, providing a useful context for academics to explore how racism is experienced within institutions.

read more
Dr Zirui Huang | How the Brain’s Functional Geometry Could Encode Dimensions of the Mind

Dr Zirui Huang | How the Brain’s Functional Geometry Could Encode Dimensions of the Mind

The concept of consciousness extends beyond mere philosophical pondering. Scientists are currently exploring how conscious experience emerges from electrochemical processes within the brain. Unraveling this mystery holds significant implications for brain health, encompassing phenomena such as comas, surgical anesthesia, and the altered perceptions observed in schizophrenia. Emerging research indicates that consciousness is not localized to a single brain region, but rather arises as a result of network interactions. Understanding the intricate connections between brain regions that contribute to consciousness has remained a challenging endeavor.

read more
Dr Nesibe Kantar – Professor Terrell Ward Bynum | Which Ethical Values Should Be Instilled into Artificial Intelligence?

Dr Nesibe Kantar – Professor Terrell Ward Bynum | Which Ethical Values Should Be Instilled into Artificial Intelligence?

Technological and scientific advancements have always come with ethical and social consequences. This remains true today, as artificial intelligence is rapidly and radically changing the way we think about the world. Seven decades ago, while creating the field of cybernetics, scientist-philosopher Norbert Wiener first asked: Which ethical values and principles should be instilled into machines that learn and make decisions?

read more
Professor Zhuoyi Wang | What Can the Compromised Progress of the Mulan Remake Tell Us About Cross-cultural Filmmaking?

Professor Zhuoyi Wang | What Can the Compromised Progress of the Mulan Remake Tell Us About Cross-cultural Filmmaking?

In 1998, Disney released Mulan, an animated take on a Chinese legend. The film tells the story of Mulan, a girl who impersonates a man to join the army. She shows bravery as she fights to save her kingdom. At the time, this was a breakthrough for Disney due to its positive portrayal of Chinese characters and strong women. Nevertheless, the film included many gender stereotypes and instances of cultural appropriation. In 2020, a live action remake of Mulan was released. Directed by feminist filmmaker Niki Caro, it aimed to be gender progressive and culturally appropriate. However, critics argued that it misrepresented Chinese culture, and perpetuated ethnic stereotypes. Given that the film tried to avoid these pitfalls, how did this happen?

read more

Stay Up To Date With SciTube

 

Subscribe now

* indicates required


Follow Us On: